Micronutrient deficiency in the UK
A recent UK study (1) found that poor dietary choices not only increase the risk of obesity, but can also lead to inadequate intakes of certain micronutrients, especially folate, vitamin D, calcium, iron and iodine. The groups most vulnerable include adolescents, ethnic minorities and lower socioeconomic groups, with teenage girls and women of childbearing age a particular concern.
Vitamin D deficiency is a particular issue in the UK, especially among children. The latest National Diet and Nutrition Survey data (pdf, 1Mb) reveals the proportion of children in the UK with vitamin D blood levels below the recommended threshold.
The data also shows that fortified foods can play a significant role in helping the population achieve their recommended intake of vitamin D and other nutrients. In the UK, Nestlé breakfast cereals, Nesquik mix for milk, SMA infant products and Carnation milks are fortified with vitamin D.